IPL (intense pulse light)
Intense pulsed light Systems release precisely controlled strong pulses of filtered light that treat skin imperfections. IPL activates natural collagen and elastin production in the active skin cells (fibroblasts), improving the skin’s overall texture and complexion. Skin rejuvenation treatments overall improve the skin’s colour and texture, reduce fine lines and wrinkles and minimises open pores.
HOW IT WORKS:
Skin rejuvenation is a treatment to resurface your skin, or to improve the texture, clarity and overall appearance of your skin.
The treatment works by directing pulses of light into the epidermis. The light is absorbed by the haemoglobin in the blood vessels that feed the sebaceous glands.
Haemoglobin converts the light energy into heat, which damages the walls of the vessels supplying blood to the glands. This technique is called “Selective Photothermolysis”.
Skin after IPL irradiation will have two effects:
- Bio-stimulation: the role of intense pulsed light on the skin produced by photochemical effects, so dermal layer of collagen fibers and elastic fibers within the molecular structure of chemical change, to restore the original flexibility. In addition, it generates light and heat, and enhancing vascular function, improve the circulation to remove wrinkles, shrink pores of treatment.
- Pyrogenation theory: Because the tumor tissue content of the pigment group is far more than the normal skin, after its absorption of light produced is also higher than skin temperature. Temperature difference between the use of their vascular lesions, closed rupture of pigment decomposition, but not damage normal tissue.
Multi-wavelength, intense pulse, broad spectrum phototherapy quantify the decomposition will form a light quantum, with the quantitative decomposition of the light quantum light skin, it can reach the skin at all levels, decompose abnormal pigment cells; destruction of hair follicles; close abnormal vessels; while stimulating collagen protein hyperplasia, elastic fiber rearrange to reach freckle, hair removal, eliminate redness, whitening effect.
How IPL can reduce Acne
Acne occurs when tiny oil glands in the skin are over active, typically dead skin cells block the top of the skin pore and the oil builds up. The blocked pore becomes the perfect breeding environment for bacteria and the pore becomes infected and inflamed.
IPL light targets the acne (the heat generated by the light in this case not only degrades the oil gland but also destroys the bacteria).
How IPL can remove stretch marks
Intense Pulse Light phototherapy helps to reduce the appearance of pink, red, blue and purple stretch marks.
Stretch marks occur on the skin in response to sudden tension. If the skin does not have time to adapt to new conditions, collagen and elastic fibers tear under tension. There are various reasons, which include rapid weight gain, sudden weight loss or hormonal imbalance.
The color of the stretch marks occurs because young connective tissue is rich in blood vessels. Over time, the vessels become smaller, and stretch marks fade until they become white.
The sooner you start treatment, the better the effect will be.
Photorejuvenation (phototherapy) works by improving stretch mark texture and return back the damaged pigmentation caused by scar cracks inside dermis.
IPL is not a laser, it’s a pulsed light applied to skin that was treated with gel prior the treatment.
When IPL is applied it stimulates cell multiplication through its penetrating light that gets deep in hard to reach areas in layers of skin, thus reducing the appearance of stretch marks.
Hyperpigmentation is characterized by a darkening of an area of skin caused by the overproduction of a pigment in the skin known as melanin. It is relatively common and usually harmless.
Hyperpigmentation is the result of either of two occurrences:
- an abnormally high concentration of melanocytes produce melanin or
- when melanocytes are hyperactive, eg. sun exposure stimulates the production of melanin.
There are various causes of hyperpigmentation, including:
- Overexposure to the sun
- Picking at the skin
- Hormonal changes
- Certain medications such as antibiotics, hormone treatments, and anti-seizure drugs
- Inflammation and skin injuries
The IPL release precisely controlled strong pulses of filtered light that are absorbed by the melanin in freckles, sun spots or liver spots.
The pigmented area absorbs the light and is heated, which leads to skin renewal.
Following treatment, the pigmented area turns darker and may crust. Over the following weeks the pigmented area will gradually flake away from the skin leaving little trace of the original mark.
Spider veins get their name from the web of red or blue veins that often start to spread across your legs as you age. They’re dilated small superficial blood vessels close to the skin.
Although Spider veins are often found in areas behind the knee, they can appear anywhere on the body.
Spider veins are caused by increased pressure in the veins. The tendency to get them is hereditary.
People who stand or sit for long periods of time, eg. nurses, teachers and administrative clerks tend to increase the amount of pressure in the veins of the legs and are more likely to develop spider veins.
Non-invasive Intense Pulse Light is absorbed by haemoglobin and converted to heat energy. Blood coagulates and the vessel wall collapses. Over time the vessel is reabsorbed by the body and disappears.
Smaller, fine, reddish spider veins respond best to laser treatment.
Health Warning when getting IPL Treatment
People with serious diseases are asked to please take caution and discuss the effect that the treatment might have on their health with their physician.
People are considered non-candidates if they have cancer, are epileptic, have recently been through surgery, have Hepatitis C, have kidney disease of any kind, are menstruating, pregnant or nursing.
Any persons with medical / electronic / metal / plastic / silicone implants and or instruments are at risk when treated with IPL.
PLEASE ENSURE THAT TREATED AREAS ARE NOT EXPOSED TO: SUNLIGHT, HEAT, CHEMICALS and/or ALCOHOL.
- Discontinue sun exposure, including sunbed treatments as well as waxing 2 weeks prior to your treatment.
- Do not use fake tan 2 weeks prior to your treatment.
- If you have a history of herpes close to the area being treated, it is recommended that you take antiviral medication before the treatment.
What are the side effects?
The treated area can become quite red immediately after treatment. However, most clients experience no side effects and the redness usually disappears within a couple of hours.
Very rarely the skin may become lighter or darker, or a small blister may form.
Contra-indications – when not to have a treatment:
- Recent sunburn
- Unprotected sun exposure or solarium use 2 weeks prior to treatment
- History of seizures
- Severe dermatitis or eczema (within the treatment area)
- Active infections
- Roaccutane use in the last 6 months
- Herpes 1 or 2 (within the treatment area)
- Removing hair by the root e.g. waxing or tweezing 2 weeks prior to treatment (hair removal only)
- Photo sensitising medications are best avoided
- Steroids: Skin photorejuvenation induces a wound healing process to improve the production of collagen. Steroids, however, decrease the synthesis of collagen, and thus interfere with treatment.
FAQ’s Regarding IPL Treatments
Q: Before we start…
A: Prior to any treatment we will provide a full consultation. The consultation identifies your expectations and provides a complete explanation of the treatment.
A medical history is taken to confirm suitability for treatment and if you wish to proceed a written informed consent is obtained and a test patch is performed to confirm there are no adverse skin reactions to the light.
Q: How it works
A: Filters in the hand-piece change the wavelength range allowing it to be optimized for different applications and skin types.
The light penetrates the tissue and absorbed by either the blood when treating vascular lesions or the melanin when treating pigmented lesions damaging them. The body’s natural processes then remove the injured tissue giving the skin a more even and youthful appearance. The treatment regimen typically consists of 4-6 treatments administered at 2 week intervals. Clients should start seeing results within a very short time.
Q: How long does each treatment take?
A: A typical treatment session will take 30 minutes.
Q: How is the treatment carried out?
A: You will be asked to put on goggles to protect your eyes. A layer of conductive gel is applied to the area to cool the skin and guide the light. The light applicator is placed onto the skin and a short pulse of light is released. The applicator is then moved to the neighbouring area and the process is repeated until the whole area is treated.
Q: Am I suitable to have treatments?
A: Almost everyone can be treated, all races, genders and ages, excluding tanned individuals, pregnant women or people taking the acne treatment Roaccutane.
Q: How does the treatment feel?
A: The light energy is absorbed by the skin, and heats it up very quickly, creating a sharp, short-lived pinprick sensation. No anaesthesia is required, other than cooling the skin with icepacks.
Most Clients describe the discomfort as moderate and acceptable. You might experience a sunburn-like sensation that lasts 2 to 5 hours which is often associated with mild to moderate redness. The treated area is generally sensitive to heat for 2 days following treatment.
Q: What should I expect after the treatment?
A: Redness and a slight warming sensation are normal after treatment.
The lesions will darken after treatment and may appear more obvious at first, but gradually the marks will ‘flake’ away.
Continued sun exposure may result in recurrence of the original mark and sunscreen should be used to prevent this happening. It will be necessary to avoid sun exposure or use a high protection sunscreen for 2 weeks after the treatment.
After hair removal the skin may appear spotty, this is inflammation caused from the heat absorbed in the hair follicle and can last 2 to 24 hours.
After treatment of pigmented lesions the lesion will go darker sometimes almost black, then will fall off within 7 to 28 days (depending on the area of the body) or it will just gradually fade.
After treatment of vascular lesions they will either disappear immediately or appear grey or purplish in colour. Diffuse redness immediately appears more red, then gradually lightens within 2-3 weeks. Vascular treatments generally require 3-4 weekly treatments for best results.
Q: How many treatments are necessary?
A: The number of treatments necessary varies from person to person, but typically 6 treatments will result in significant improvement, depending on the severity of the condition. IPL treatments should take place fortnightly.
Skin Tightening and Wrinkle Reduction